In October, the authorities announced that they had granted citizenship to more than 50,000 individuals and their families and had issued identity documents to more than 800,000 people who had moved to Saudi Arabia “following political, economic and social turmoil in their home countries”. [283], In June 2020, on reports of Saudi Arabia's takeover of Premier League club Newcastle United, a group of 16 MPs and peers wrote to the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. [50][57] Men are free to abuse women in Saudi Arabia, with reports of women being locked in their rooms for months or threatened with starvation or shooting for offenses such as getting the wrong kind of haircut or being in a relationship with a man the family has not approved. [1] The totalitarian regime ruling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is consistently ranked among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. [3], Saudi Arabia failed to co-operate with an inquiry by the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions into the murder. Some people, most of them members of the country’s Shi’a minority, were executed following grossly unfair trials. The killing was described as "murder" and "a tremendous mistake" by Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir. In December 2012, Saudi religious police detained more than 41 individuals after storming a house in the Saudi Arabian province of al-Jouf. [40], In April 2020, the Saudi Supreme Court announced under a royal decree by King Salman that minors who commit crimes will no longer face the death sentence, but will be sentenced up to 10 years imprisonment in a juvenile detention facility. Saudi Arabia grooms citizens to replace expats in private sector. [138] (Wahhabi) teachers frequently tell classrooms full of young Shia schoolchildren that they are heretics. In September, a drone attack for which Yemen’s Huthis claimed responsibility targeted facilities of the state-owned oil company Aramco in Abqaiq, Eastern Province and cut Saudi Arabia’s oil production by about half for several weeks. While Saudi Arabia’s overall human rights record is abhorrent, such violations are exasperated exponentially for women. Saudi Arabia remained a member of the coalition imposing economic and political sanctions on Qatar, along with Bahrain, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). [258][259] In 2008, the Shura Council ratified the Arab Charter on Human Rights. The Wahhabi sect does not tolerate other religious or ideological beliefs, Muslim or not. When the Ethiopian workers' employers asked security forces for what reason they were arrested, they said "for practising Christianity". [242] One of its co-founders, Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi, was arbitrarily arrested by Mabahith, the internal security agency, on 21 March 2011, during the 2011 Saudi Arabian protests. The authorities escalated repression of the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, including in their crackdown on online expression. [279], In January 2020, Human Rights Watch alongside 11 other international rights group organizations wrote a joint letter to the Amaury Sport Organization following its decision to move Dakar Rally to Saudi Arabia. The authorities continued to arrest, prosecute and imprison human rights defenders for their peaceful activities and human rights work under, among other legislation, the counter-terrorism law and the cybercrime law, which criminalizes online criticism of government policies and practice as well as commentary on current affairs. Before this, the authorities announced several reforms, including the introduction of tourist visas for citizens of 49 countries. In these countries there is little political participation, as political parties do not exist and supreme rulers, not citizens, decide on most aspects of government. Saudi women face discrimination in many aspects of their lives, such as the justice system, and under the male guardianship system are effectively treated as legal minors. Women in Saudi Arabia constituted 13% of the country's native workforce as of 2015. [58] It began offering physical education for girls and said it would start licensing female-only gyms. Labor' either Saudi Nationals or foreigners, are welcomed to file any violations through the ministry's portal. [109] The Government has declared the Quran and the Sunna (tradition) of the Prophet Muhammad to be the country's constitution. Saudi Arabia continue to deny asylum-seekers access to a fair refugee determination process. Census data does not identify any Jews as residing within Saudi Arabian territory. [59] Prior to 2008, women were not allowed to enter hotels and furnished apartments without a chaperone or mahram. In November, the authorities arbitrarily detained at least 10 men and women, including entrepreneurs, writers and intellectuals, for a week. [5] In the 2000s, it was reported that women were sentenced to lashes for adultery; the women were actually victims of rape, but because they could not prove who the perpetrators were, they were deemed guilty of committing adultery. The draft regulations also stipulated that applications for a medical report to assess the maturity of individuals aged under 18 wishing to marry and for the marriage itself must be heard by a specialized court. After more than a year in detention, 11 women activists, including human rights defenders Loujain al-Hathloul, Iman al-Nafjan, Aziza al-Yousef, were brought to trial before the Criminal Court in Riyadh in March 2019. Many of these individuals were held without trial and in secret. The male relative of the woman did not allow her to marry the man of her choice citing religious incompatibility as the man played oud.[70]. [251] The organisation calls for a constitution and elected legislature for Eastern Province. [203] The same year, British media group, The Guardian, claimed that it was being targeted by a cybersecurity unit in Saudi Arabia. [184], Speech, the press and other forms of communicative media, including television and radio broadcasting and Internet reception, are actively censored by the government to prevent political dissent and anything deemed, by the government, to be offensive to Wahhabi culture or Islamic morality. 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